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Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine whether 1 week of training cessation can affect exercise performance in well-trained soccer players. Upon the completion of a competitive season, 11 male soccer players went through 1-week training cessation.
Performances in the 5-m 1.
However, the repeated sprint performance total sprint time [ In addition, no significant differences were observed for the 30 m 4. These results indicate that short-term detraining for well-trained soccer players has a significant effect on the speed endurance performance.
It is therefore important for the players and their coaches to plan a suitable training program to maintain exercise performance especially speed endurance during off-season.
During season, the players carry out high-intensity training to development and maintain fitness level due to its effectiveness in promoting numerous morphological and metabolic adaptations in the skeletal muscle Morton et al.
Consecutive high-intensity training and matches during season lead to mental and physical fatigues which impair ability to maintain optimal exercise performance.
After the season, it is important for the soccer players to rest mentally and physically.
Therefore, many soccer players take a break immediately after the season until the first preseason training without conducting intensive fitness training in between. The soccer coaches and players on the field believe that significant reduction in fitness level occurs if the players stop the soccer training sessions for just a couple of days.
Indeed, detraining can cause a partial or complete loss of training-induced adaptations in response to an insufficient training stimulus Mujika and Padilla, Several studies have shown that more than 1 week of training cessation caused decrease in the exercise performance and affected the expression of molecular factors associated with the effects of exercise training in soccer players Melchiorri et al.
However, Burgomaster et al. According to previous studies, 1 week of training cessation may not cause marked decreases in exercise performance and may be helpful in mental recovery of the soccer players.
The aim of this study, therefore, was to determine whether 1 week of training cessation can affect exercise performance in soccer players accustomed to performing repeated high-intensity exercise. It was hypothesized that 1 week of detraining after the season would not lead to decrease in exercise performance.
|The soccer season is commonly planned in three distinct periods: For instance, some leagues comprise two distinct cycles of pre-compe- tition, competition, and transition periods.|
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|Does fatigue influences injury risk?||Does fatigue only influences soft tissue injury or has repercussions in other injury types?|
|All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files. The authors received no specific funding for this work.|
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All players were members of a university team. After a full and detailed explanation of the study procedures, all subjects gave written informed consents to participate. All of the experimental protocols and related procedures were approved by the Ethical Committee of Honam University.
Experimental procedures The 1-week detraining period started immediately after the last match of the season. The subjects completed the m sprint test, Yo-Yo intermittent recovery level 2 Yo-Yo IR2 test, arrowhead agility test, coordination test, repeated sprint test RSTand isokinetic strength test.
The tests were carried out for 2 days, i. The participants were instructed to ingest water 5 mL of water for every kilogram of their body mass 2 hr before arriving at the laboratory. Following the completion of the baseline assessments, the participants commenced the tests. Isokinetic strength test were performed on the next day.
The sprint times at 5, 10, 20, and 30 m were recorded using the photocell gates Witty, Microgate, Bolzano, Italy. The participants started to run 50 cm before the photocell gate recordings.
The fastest times at the distances were recorded for data analysis. The test was terminated when the subjects failed twice to reach the start line on time and the distance covered at the end point was recorded. Arrowhead agility test The protocol of the arrowhead agility test is shown in Fig.
The arrowhead agility tests consisted of 4 sprints two right, two leftwith 2-min rest between each sprint.To better understand the detraining effects in soccer, the purpose of the study was to analyse if performance level of soccer players modulate repeated-sprint ability (RSA) and in.
Detraining Effect in soccer. A look into how physical fitness is affected by the lack of training. In a number of cases were draw associations from other 'similar' sports where quantatative research in football is not available.
Most stuides and research are showing that a week period in the absence of training will not affect. The optimal manipulation of these variables may be best evidenced from the meta-analysis conducted by Bosquet et al., which examined 27 research articles investigating the adaptations in actual competition or field-based criterion performance of competitive athletes after a taper.
Catching the Detrain In Football Detraining is very popular in the sport of football. Football is a multi-component sport that depends on a number of energy sources to meet the strenuous physical demands.
Football also expends a certain amount of muscular energy in a both dynamic and static. The aim of this paper is to describe the physiological changes that occur during the transition period in soccer players. A secondary aim is to address the issue of utilizing the transition period.
The purpose of this brief review is to examine the research knowledge regarding training recovery and potential means for improving recovery.
This review will restrict itself to human studies only. Likewise, it would be overwhelming to try to review each possible aspect of recovery in any detail.