Major in History Students must complete a minimum of nine courses in the department, of which four or more must be in an area of specialization chosen by the student and approved by a member of UNDED. Students must also fulfill a breadth requirement by taking three courses outside of their specialization.
Print this page Beyond the hype Although the recent discovery of a year-old Persian mummy has proved to be a fake, the word 'mummy' is generally believed to derive from a Persian word, mummiya, meaning 'bitumen', used to describe the blackened state of ancient Egyptian bodies.
The term is now generally applied to all human remains which retain their soft tissue, either by natural means or artificial preservation. With 'mummy unwrapping parties' all the rage, otherwise sanctimonious Victorians felt no qualms desecrating pre-Christian bodies Mummification can be found on every continent of the world, but the process itself is inextricably linked with the culture of ancient Egypt and for many the word 'mummy' is synonymous with Egypt itself.
Indeed, when the first mummy studies began in the early 19th century, those examined were almost always those brought back as souvenirs from wealthy tourists' travels in Egypt. With 'mummy unwrapping parties' all the rage, otherwise sanctimonious Victorians felt no qualms desecrating pre-Christian bodies and even sent specially-printed invitation cards: A Mummy from Thebes to be unrolled at half-past Two'.
Even less fortunate were those mummies exported to the US for use in the papermaking industry or even, as Mark Twain reported, to be burnt as railroad fuel. In popular fiction mummies were reduced to little more than bandaged corpses with arms outstretched as they staggered towards some hapless victim.
STETHOSCOPE - AUSCULTATION Cardiac Auscultation (Heart Sounds) & Pulmonary Auscultation (Lung Sounds) (Text, Images, Simulations, Videos/Movies & Audio/Sound). Wai Khru: An In-Depth Examination By: Nephyr Jacobsen teachers, teachers’ teachers (and so forth up the lineage history), various possible deities, any Musicians thank the founding teacher of music with sacred melodies, soldiers do a Wai Khru ceremony similar to the muay Thai fighters, doctors, be they allopathic or. In-depth conversations on the paranormal alternating with weird music. Occasionally live on Sundays or PM Pacific.
Yet lost beneath the fiction and the hype is the fact that these totally fascinating, wonderful 'artefacts' were once living people, and preserving them in as lifelike a way as possible was actually regarded as a way of providing a permanent home for the soul whilst effectively denying and ultimately cheating death itself.
Top A growth industry In the deluxe version, the brain was generally extracted down the nose and the entrails removed before the hollow body was dried out with salts.
Certainly in Egypt mummification was very much a growth industry, with levels of service depending on cost. In the deluxe version, the brain was generally extracted down the nose and the entrails removed before the hollow body was dried out with salts.
The dried skin was then treated with complex blends of oils and resins whose precise nature is now being studied using the latest analytical techniques.
Mummy of Wah, an Egyptian estate manager, wrapped in m of linen, c. Covered in a range of protective amulets and placed in its coffin, elaborate funeral ceremonies designed to reactivate the soul within the mummy were accompanied by the words 'You will live again for ever.
Behold, you are young again for ever', before the mummy was buried with generous supplies of food, drink and everything the soul of the deceased would need for a comfortable afterlife. The Egyptians buried their dead in the great expanses of desert away from the cultivation on the banks of the River Nile, but whereas the wealthy were artificially mummified and placed in specially built tombs, the majority were simply buried in hollows in the sand.
Yet here they too were mummified by natural means, as corrosive body fluids drained away into the same hot dry sand which desiccated and preserved their skin, hair and nails. Accidentally uncovering such bodies must have had a profound effect upon those able to recognise individuals who had died sometimes years before, quite literally witnessing eternal life in action.
Top Experiments As burial practices for the wealthy became more sophisticated, those once buried in a hole in the ground demanded specially built tombs more befitting their status. Yet here they were no longer in direct contact with the sand so their bodies rapidly decomposed.
This meant that an artificial means of preserving the body was required, and so began a long process of experimental mummification, and a good deal of trial and error!
And for the next three millennia they refined and perfected their techniques of embalming both humans and animals to become the greatest practitioners of mummification the world has ever seen.
Yet for all their skill, the Egyptians were comparative latecomers to the art of body preservation, which had already been practised in South America for thousands of years before the Egyptians ever began. Although regarded as primitive in the absence of farming, pottery, textiles and literacy, their complex mummification techniques actually reveal a highly sophisticated culture.
The bones were dried with hot ashes before the whole lot was then reassembled using twigs for reinforcement bound tightly with reeds. Over this framework the skin was reapplied, and supplemented where needed with sea lion or pelican skin.
A thick layer of ash paste was applied over the body and a stylised clay mask used to cover the face, painted with either black manganese or red ochre to give the mummies a rather clone-like, uniform appearance.
In some cases the faces have been repainted several times and damage to the area of the feet suggests they stood upright, perhaps as objects of veneration.Examination. This page presents an overview of the first ever in-depth scientific Also available in Spanish on our YouTube channel (en EspaÃ±ol).
Anatomy of the Cochlea Background. Both music and the structure of the inner ear are integrated in this fascinating illustration of history, and science.
As a result, this guide is. THE PUBLISHED VIBRAPHONE MUSIC OF CHRISTOPHER DEANE: AN EXAMINATION AND COMPARISON advanced percussionists an in-depth theoretical and musical analysis designed to inform and guide future performances.
In addition to the focus on Deane’s compositions, this document offers a concise history of the vibraphone and an examination .
The best resource for an overview of any given classical composer would be The New Grove Dictionary of Music and yunusemremert.com is the leading online resource for music research, a comprehensive compendium of music scholarship with encyclopedia entries drawing from the top musicology, music history, music theory, and ethnomusicology .
A degree in music therapy requires proficiency in guitar, piano, voice, music theory, music history, reading music, improvisation, as well as varying levels of skill in assessment, documentation, and other counseling and health care skills depending on the focus of the particular university's program.
“HERE, THERE AND EVERYWHERE” (John Lennon – Paul McCartney) For the third album in a row, Paul McCartney continued his habit of writing a tender love ballad, forever cementing in people’s minds that he was the balladeer of the group.
This book offers the first in-depth examination of the globalization of Christianity and discusses the implications for Chr More We are living through one of the greatest transformations in the history of religion worldwide.