An introduction to the geography and history of belgium

Total The United Russia is the ruling party, which supports the government. The other parties in the Duma Russian parliament do not criticize the government strongly, for fear of losing their places in the Duma.

An introduction to the geography and history of belgium

See Article History Alternative Titles: Luxembourg has come under the control of many states and ruling houses in its long history, but it has been a separate, if not always autonomouspolitical unit since the 10th century.

Notre-Dame Cathedral and a portion of the fortress wall in Luxembourg city. LuxembourgishGerman, and French. In the 20th century Luxembourg became a founding member of several international economic organizations.

Perhaps most importantly, the grand duchy was an original member of the Benelux Economic Unionwhich linked its economic life with that of the Netherlands and of Belgium and would subsequently form the core of the European Economic Community EEC; ultimately succeeded by the European Union.

It is a plateau that averages 1, feet metres in elevation and is composed of schists and sandstones. LuxembourgPhysical features of Luxembourg. This region has a more-varied topography and an average elevation of feet about metres.

The Bon Pays is much more densely populated than the Oesling and contains the capital city, Luxembourg, as well as smaller industrial cities such as Esch-sur-Alzette. Climate Luxembourg has a mild climate with considerable precipitation. The north is slightly colder and more humid than the south.

The mean temperatures in Luxembourg city range from the mids F about 0. The Oesling receives more precipitation than the Bon Pays, but the greatest amount, about 40 An introduction to the geography and history of belgium 1, mmand the least, about 27 inches about mmfall in the southwest and southeast, respectively.

The sheltered valley of the Moselle River benefits from a gentler and sunnier climate than does the rest of the duchy. People Ethnic groups, languages, and religion Luxembourg has been one of the historic crossroads of Europe, and myriad peoples have left their bloodlines as well as their cultural imprints on the grand duchy.

The Celts, the Belgic peoples known as the Treveri, the Ligurians and Romans from Italyand especially the Franks were most influential.

Luxembourgish is the national language; German and French are both languages of administration. There is a strong sense of national identity among Luxembourgers despite the prevalence of foreign influences.

Belgium: Geographical and historical treatment of Belgium, including maps and a survey of its people, economy, and government. It is one of the smallest and most densely populated European countries, and it has been, since its independence in , a representative democracy headed by a hereditary constitutional monarch. A brief introduction to the history of Belgium. Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in It was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically-advanced European state and a member of NATO and the EU. This brochure, illustrated with photos, presents Belgium not only as a country that boasts an outstanding cultural heritage but one that has produced many world-famous designers, artists, scientists and sports stars.

Luxembourg has a high proportion of foreigners living within its borders. This is chiefly the result of an extremely low birth rate among native Luxembourgers, which has led to a chronic labour shortage. Nearly half of the total population is of foreign birth and consists mainly of Portuguese, French, Italians, Belgians, and Germans.

Among the foreign workers are many in the iron and steel industry, and numerous others work in foreign firms and international organizations located in the capital. Settlement patterns Northern Luxembourg is sparsely populated compared with the heavily urbanized and industrialized south. The urban network in the south is dominated by the capital city, Luxembourgwhich rises in tiers, with the upper and older section of the city separated from the lower-lying suburbs by the gorges of the Alzette and Petrusse rivers.

The second largest city in Luxembourg, Esch-sur-Alzettelies in the extreme southwest and is a traditional iron- and steel-making centre. In addition, many medieval castle villages continue to thrive, centuries after the castles themselves fell into ruin.

Urban-rural The town of Clervaux, in the Oesling, Luxembourg. Luxembourg city in particular continues to attract migrants from the rest of the country because of its vibrant banking and finance sector.

The increasing concentration of the population in the southwest has led the government to try to locate some industries in rural areas.

Agriculture The agricultural resources of Luxembourg are quite modest. With the exception of livestock products, surpluses are scarce, and marginal soils in many parts of the country hinder abundant harvests.

Most farming is mixed and includes both animal raising and gardening. Livestock and their by-products account for the bulk of agricultural production, cattle raising having gained in importance at the expense of pig and sheep raising. Wheat, barley, and other cereal grains are the next most important products, followed by root vegetables.

The vineyards along the Moselle River produce some excellent wines. In addition to its agriculture not being particularly prosperous, its once copious iron ore deposits had been exhausted by the s.

An introduction to the geography and history of belgium

With the exception of water and timber, there are no energy resources. Indeed, Luxembourg has almost nothing that predisposes it to agricultural or industrial development.

The roots of its economic growth lie in its use of capital and in the adaptability and ingenuity of its workforce rather than in natural resources.

Relief and soils

Luxembourg meets most of its energy needs with imports. Steel production was originally based on exploitation of the iron ore deposits extending from Lorraine into the southwestern corner of the grand duchy. This ore has a high phosphorus content, however, and it was not until the introduction of the basic Bessemer process in that the ore could be used for making steel.

An introduction to the geography and history of belgium

In response to this crisis, the government took measures aimed at helping the steel industry increase efficiency and maintain profitability.Learn about the history, geography and culture of Belgium and find statistical and demographic information.,Information on Belgium — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

Belgium became independent from the Netherlands in ; it was occupied by Germany during World Wars I and II. The country prospered in the past half century as a modern, technologically advanced European state and member of NATO and the EU.

Global studies is the interdisciplinary study of political, economic, legal, ecological and cultural interconnectedness.

Predominant subjects are politics, economics and law on an international level. Global studies is oriented around the study of globalization as it relates to intercontinental politics, the global economy, international law, market relations, the movement of people and. Geography.


Resources for students and teachers of geography. Discover the world with articles, fact sheets, maps and more that explore landscapes, peoples, places, and environments both near and far.

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Geography - note: crossroads of Western Europe; majority of West European capitals within 1, km of Brussels which is the seat of both the EU and NATO Longest Distances: km SE-NW/ km NE-SW Area.

Map of Belgian regions and provinces.

Belgium facts: A brief history | About Belgium | Expatica Belgium