An introduction to the origins and the development of video games in the 1970s

Early history of video games Defining the video game The term video game has evolved over the decades from a purely technical definition to a general concept defining a new class of interactive entertainment. Technically, for a product to be a video game, there must be a video signal transmitted to a cathode ray tube CRT that creates a rasterized image on a screen.

An introduction to the origins and the development of video games in the 1970s

Design by Collin Oguro Video game music has come a long way, baby.

An introduction to the origins and the development of video games in the 1970s

Once an afterthought in terms of game design and overall pop-culture consciousness, video game music is now a legitimate industry of its own. Today, internationally renowned orchestras perform entire concerts of music composed specifically for video games, and game soundtracks regularly feature top-drawer techno, hip-hop, rock, and punk bands.

Video game soundtracks have their own real estate now in retail outlets both online and off. Music is, of course, only one element of the overall sound design of video games, and in this larger arena too, exponential leaps have been made in a relatively short period of time.

With the advent of directional and simulated surround sound, game audio became integral to the action itself. Hear that crunching, gnawing sound to the left?

First-person "sneakers," like the popular Thief series, turned the art of listening and eavesdropping into a survival skill in itself. And for some games, sound and music are the point in and of themselves.

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Consider the genre of rhythm games like Dance Dance Revolution and Frequency. With these titles, interacting with the soundtrack is the very focus of the gameplay.

DDR and similar games have made an even broader impact on the video game form by introducing full-body tracking and dance pads or drum kits or guitars as the central control interface.

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In fact, historians will likely look back on these last few and current years as the golden age of video game music. As a media form, video games are emerging from the "ghetto" of teenage fanatics and hardcore techies into the sunlight of respectability and mainstream acceptance.

This is a cyclical process in mass media, as new technology creates new forms--from hip-hop to animation to graphic novels to even cinema itself. As with film, television, and other primarily visual mediums, sound and music in the beginning were often the forgotten elements in video game design.

Instead, it goes to work on you subconsciously--heightening tension, manipulating the mood, and drawing you into the gameworld faintly but inexorably. Consider the ominous ambient sounds of survival horror titles like Resident Evil, which compound the tension as you happen upon those relentless zombies chewing up your Alpha Team comrades.

This is a technique descended directly from cinema--try watching a horror film or playing a horror game with the sound muted. The absence is startling and indicates how critical sound can be.

Even early games like Space Invaders earned much of their addictive appeal by getting into your head with thumping, repetitive sound schemes.

As the aliens got faster and closer, the music got faster and louder. Properly designed, sound and visual cues work together to produce an experience greater than the sum of their parts.

Dedicated gamers have come to appreciate just how integral good sound and music can be to the overall gameplay experience. With the introduction of the bit and bit eras and with the expanded storage capabilities of CD-ROM, video game music moved into the realm of true composition. Video game soundtracks now constitute their own category in the retail music market.

Mainstream cross-pollination continues as well, from "Pac-Man Fever" to the recent phenomenon of techno and rock artists who contribute to game soundtracks. Individual proponents within the game music industry are lobbying for a video-game-specific category in the future.

So far, however, not much progress has been made. As it stands now, individual composers or record labels can submit video game soundtrack music independently in one of three general categories: As technology has progressed and overall game design has evolved, video game music is now a fertile area of development and growth.

Accelerating crossover between video games and Hollywood has resulted in licensed commercial music leaping between various new media forms. Many new games now ship with an entirely separate audio CD for the stand-alone soundtrack, and video game music is finally getting the popular and critical attention it deserves.

InWilliam Higinbotham, an engineer at Brookhaven National Laboratory, a US nuclear research facility, fashioned a crude tennis-type game on an oscilloscope. Many experts consider this the first "hack" of a computer system.

Both games, however, were silent. The fully analog system is fully silent as well. The arcade video game as we know it is born. It proves to be oddly compelling and kind of hypnotic. Space Channel 5, your father is Simon. Simon plays patterns using four separate tones and four different-colored lights.s.

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s in video gaming. s flyer advertising the racing game Fonz. The s saw the development of some the earliest video games, chiefly in arcade versions, but also several for the personal computer and the earliest games consoles.

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The gaming industry has undergone a substantial evolution since the s and has moved from a fringe activity into the mainstream. In , the arcade game Computer Space was released and was followed up by Atari Inc’s first . Video games have been around since the early s.

An introduction to the origins and the development of video games in the 1970s

The first commercial arcade video game, Computer Space by Nutting Associates, was introduced in In , Atari introduced Pong to the arcades. An interesting item to note is that Atari was formed by Nolan Bushnell, the man who developed Computer yunusemremert.com left Nutting Associates .

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The s looks at an iconic decade when the cultural left and economic right came to the fore in American society and the world at large. While many have seen the s as simply a period of failures epitomized by Watergate. Video Game History Timeline.

On September 1, he writes down his ideas that become the basis of his development of television video games.

The Strong's online collections Ralph Baer develops his "Brown Box", the video game prototype that lets users play tennis and other games.

The educational computer business mushrooms with the. X-Men Origins: Wolverine is a prequel to all prior entries in the X-Men Film Series; it focuses on Logan's Mysterious, Dark and Troubled Past from his childhood up until several years before he hooked up with Professor Xavier's gifted students.

On a cold Canadian night in , James "Jimmy" Howlett.

The History of Video Games | HowStuffWorks