Losses were considerable and the whole army was less effective than before, as many of its experienced soldiers were killed during the previous two years of fighting. This left the German army capable of only reacting to Soviet moves. On the Soviet side, Joseph Stalin was determined to pursue the liberation of occupied territories from German control, a course of action that had its first major success at the end of with Operation Uranuswhich led to the liberation of Stalingrad.
Elsewhere, the war had been progressing well: There were a number of salientsbut these were not particularly threatening.
The initial objectives in the region around Stalingrad were the destruction of the industrial capacity of the city and the deployment of forces to block the Volga River.
The river was a key route from the Caucasus and the Caspian Sea to central Russia. Its capture would disrupt commercial river traffic. The Germans cut the pipeline from the oilfields when they captured Rostov on 23 July.
The capture of Stalingrad would make the delivery of Lend Lease supplies via the Persian Corridor much more difficult. Both sides began to attach propaganda value to the city, based on it bearing the name of the leader of the Soviet Union.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. January If I do not get the oil of Maikop and Grozny then I must finish [liquidieren; "kill off", "liquidate"] this war.
Poised in Eastern Ukraineit was to spearhead the offensive. Hitler intervened, however, ordering the Army Group to split in two. A number of German and Romanian units that were to take part in Blau, however, were besieging Sevastopol on the Crimean Peninsula.
Delays in ending the siege pushed back the start date for Blau several times, and the city did not fall until the end of June. Operation Fridericus I by the Germans against the "Isium bulge", pinched off the Soviet salient in the Second Battle of Kharkovand resulted in the envelopment of a large Soviet force between 17 May and 29 May.
The German offensive started well. Soviet forces offered little resistance in the vast empty steppes and started streaming eastward. Several attempts to re-establish a defensive line failed when German units outflanked them.
Two major pockets were formed and destroyed: Situation briefing near Stalingrad between a German company commander and a platoon leader The initial advance of the 6th Army was so successful that Hitler intervened and ordered the 4th Panzer Army to join Army Group South A to the south.
A massive traffic jam resulted when the 4th Panzer and the 1st Panzer both required the few roads in the area. Both armies were stopped dead while they attempted to clear the resulting mess of thousands of vehicles.
The delay was long, and it is thought that it cost the advance at least one week. With the advance now slowed, Hitler changed his mind and reassigned the 4th Panzer Army back to the attack on Stalingrad. The Germans began using the armies of their ItalianHungarian and Romanian allies to guard their left northern flank.
Occasionally Italian actions were mentioned in official German communiques. The 4th Panzer Army, ordered south on 13 July to block the Soviet retreat "weakened by the 17th Army and the 1st Panzer Army", had turned northwards to help take the city from the south.
The two German army groups were not positioned to support one another due to the great distances involved.
After German intentions became clear in JulyStalin appointed Marshal.Adolf was born in Braunau, Austria in His father, Alois was a minor customs official, and his mother was a peasant girl.
Adolf attended elementary school for four years and entered secondary school at . The second Battle of Smolensk (7 August–2 October ) was a Soviet strategic offensive operation conducted by the Red Army as part of the Summer-Autumn Campaign of Staged almost simultaneously with the Lower Dnieper Offensive (13 August–22 September), the offensive lasted two months and was led by General Andrei Yeremenko, commanding the Kalinin Front, and Vasily .
Battle of Stalingrad The Battle of Stalingrad was the bloodiest battle in the Second World War and marked one of its few major turning points. It was certainly the most decisive battle in the “Great Patriotic War” or the Second World War on the Eastern front.
Published: Fri, 21 Apr The turning point in World War II happened in as a result of key Allied victories, but more importantly of German attrition. There were a few decisive battles but it was the entry of the USA that boosted Allied supplies while the German provisions ran down.
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