Try out personalized alert features Biological Conservation is a leading international journal in the discipline of conservation science. The journal publishes articles spanning a diverse range of fields that contribute to the biological, sociological, ethical and economic dimensions of conservation.
Contributed Paper. Full Access. quantify expected gains resulting from conservation action in the medium term (conservation gain); and specify requirements to achieve maximum plausible recovery over the long term (recovery potential). Problem‐Solving in Conservation Biology and Wildlife Management,  Maximizing voluntary incentives. Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their physical structure, chemical processes, molecular interactions, physiological mechanisms, development and evolution. Despite the complexity of the science, there are certain unifying concepts that consolidate it into a single, coherent field. Biology recognizes the cell as the basic unit of life, genes as. Free Online Biology Multiple Choice Quizzes and practice tests for 5th grade, 7th Grade quiz, IGSCSE quiz, AP biology quiz, Sat biology quiz, NEET mcq, class 10 and 12 and all biology exams.
It was used again in in a work entitled Philosophiae naturalis sive physicae: The first German use, Biologie, was in a translation of Linnaeus' work.
The term came into its modern usage with the six-volume treatise Biologie, oder Philosophie der lebenden Natur —22 by Gottfried Reinhold Treviranuswho announced: The science that concerns itself with these objects we will indicate by the name biology [Biologie] or the doctrine of life [Lebenslehre].
Although modern biology is a relatively recent Conservation biology term paper, sciences related to and included within it have been studied since ancient times.
Natural philosophy was studied as early as the ancient civilizations of MesopotamiaEgyptthe Indian subcontinentand China. However, the origins of modern biology and its approach to the study of nature are most often traced back to ancient Greece.
Especially important are his History of Animals and other works where he showed naturalist leanings, and later more empirical works that focused on biological causation and the diversity of life.
Aristotle's successor at the LyceumTheophrastuswrote a series of books on botany that survived as the most important contribution of antiquity to the plant sciences, even into the Middle Ages.
Medicine was especially well studied by Islamic scholars working in Greek philosopher traditions, while natural history drew heavily on Aristotelian thought, especially in upholding a fixed hierarchy of life.
Biology began to quickly develop and grow with Anton van Leeuwenhoek 's dramatic improvement of the microscope. It was then that scholars discovered spermatozoabacteriainfusoria and the diversity of microscopic life. Investigations by Jan Swammerdam led to new interest in entomology and helped to develop the basic techniques of microscopic dissection and staining.
In the early 19th century, a number of biologists pointed to the central importance of the cell.
Then, inSchleiden and Schwann began promoting the now universal ideas that 1 the basic unit of organisms is the cell and 2 that individual cells have all the characteristics of lifealthough they opposed the idea that 3 all cells come from the division of other cells.
Thanks to the work of Robert Remak and Rudolf Virchowhowever, by the s most biologists accepted all three tenets of what came to be known as cell theory.
Carl Linnaeus published a basic taxonomy for the natural world in variations of which have been in use ever sinceand in the s introduced scientific names for all his species.
Although he was opposed to evolution, Buffon is a key figure in the history of evolutionary thought ; his work influenced the evolutionary theories of both Lamarck and Darwin. Lamarck believed that these acquired traits could then be passed on to the animal's offspring, who would further develop and perfect them.
The discovery of the physical representation of heredity came along with evolutionary principles and population genetics. In the s and early s, experiments pointed to DNA as the component of chromosomes that held the trait-carrying units that had become known as genes.
A focus on new kinds of model organisms such as viruses and bacteriaalong with the discovery of the double helical structure of DNA inmarked the transition to the era of molecular genetics.The cougar is one of the most beautiful, enigmatic, and majestic animals in the Americas.
Eliciting reverence for its grace and independent nature, it also triggers fear when it comes into contact with people, pets, and livestock or competes for hunters’ game. Biology news and videos from research institutes around the world.
Updated daily. This important new book addresses key topics in contemporary conservation biology. Written by an internationally renowned team of authors, Key Topics in Conservation Biology explores cutting-edge issues in modern biodiversity conservation, including controversial subjects such as rarity and prioritization, conflict between people and wildlife, the human aspect of conservation, the relevance .
Climate change is expected to impact ecosystems directly, such as through shifting climatic controls on species ranges, and indirectly, for example through changes in human land use that may result in habitat loss. Shifting patterns of agricultural production in response to climate change have received little attention as a potential impact pathway for ecosystems.
Conservation Science > Conservation Biology > Accepted Articles; JOURNAL TOOLS. Get New Content Alerts; Get RSS feed; Conservation Methods Paper. Defining ecologically relevant scales for spatial protection with long-term data on an endangered seabird and local prey availability.
Richard B. Sherley, Philna Botha, Les G. Underhill, Peter. Conservation Biology is defined as the scientific study of the nature and status of Earth’s biodiversity. The main aim is protecting species, their habitats, and ecosystem from overly fast growing extinction rates.