CHF occurs when the heart cannot meet the demands of the body.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of graduated exercise at the piano on the pianist's cardiac output, forearm blood flow, heart rate, and blood pressure. Also considered were the effects of piano practice conditioning, general cardiovascular conditioning, and acute cigarette smoking on the aforementioned parameters during and after graduated piano exercise.
Fifteen adult pianists participated in the study. The piano exercises consisted of bilateral scales played in eight three-minute stages. Tempo was constant within stages but increased with each new stage.
Cardiac output and forearm blood flow were monitored by electrical impedance utilizing a tetrapolar electrode-placement system.
Cardiac output, forearm blood flow, heart rate, and systolic blood pressure generally increased proportionally to exercise intensity and returned to basal levels within a five-minute recovery period.
Strenuous piano exercise stresses the body in general, not just the active forearm muscles. The stress load placed on the heart by piano playing can be at least as great as that produced by a brisk walk. Piano playing can generate an oxygen debt in the forearm muscles. Conditioning of forearm muscles through regular piano practice results in training effect for piano playing in those muscles.
Pianists who participate regularly in quality aerobic exercise programs generally begin and end piano exercise with lower heart rates than those who do not exercise. Frequently, they increase heart rates to a lesser extent during exercise and settle into steady postexercise rates more quickly as well.
Both regular piano practice and general cardiovascular conditioning gained through quality aerobic exercise contribute to increased piano-playing endurance.
Acute smoking increases cardiac outputs and heart rates of pianists resulting in higher levels of cardiac work during piano exercise. During piano exercise, acutely smoking pianists require greatly increased forearm blood flows to meet muscle needs.Feb 11, · Powerphys Effect Of Exercise On Arterial Pressure And Vascular Resistance Blood pressure Sphygmomanometer 2.
Cardiac output Cardiac output 3D imaging 3. Heart rate Heart rate ECG Results Table 2: Effect of Exercise on Systolic and.
As exercise increases, cardiac output (Q) also increases. This has the effect of increasing blood pressure. A typical blood pressure reading for a person at the start of exercise would be around.
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To answer your Q, HR as has the main effect on cardiac output during the first stages of exercise. ** The first few stages of cardiac exercise will 'affect' cardiac output, not 'effect' it. If you don't know the difference between the two, you should not be asking a question such as this.
Date: Effect of Exercise on Cardiac Output August 26, Predictions 1. During exercise HR will increase. 2. During exercise SV will decrease. 3.
During exercise CO will increase. Materials and Methods 1. Dependent Variable EDV, . To answer your Q, HR as has the main effect on cardiac output during the first stages of exercise.
** The first few stages of cardiac exercise will 'affect' cardiac output, not 'effect' it.