Usmani HA, et al. J, Saleem J, Fahim H. This journal is gaining its popularity due to the fact that it provides unique and equal opportunity to young as well as experienced medical and biomedical research workers in Pakistan, to share their research outcomes with national and international researchers. An innovative feature of this journal is that it responds to the burning issues of public health.
The participants in the process are ing those projects has effectively Generic design and construction process protocol gcdpp in linear, unco- described in terms of the activities that need to be ordinated and highly variable project processes in the UK undertaken in order to achieve a successful project and construction sector.
Research undertaken at the Univer- process execution. Those problems have been illus- Latham report was its call for significant cost savings trated by several government reports, including Simon by the utilization and formulation of effective con- and more recently the Latham and struction processes, which will in turn lead to in- Egan reports.
The findings are familiar practice creased performance. The recommendations of this to the majority of the industry, which is still striving report were reaffirmed in a recent report by Egan towards improvements in a number of areas, but ap-which reported to the deputy Prime Minister parently with little success.
There are three main areas John Prescott on the scope for improving the quality for consideration: This report iden- 1. It will require a significant reengineering of flow, process design and resources planning, is under- the construction process and the subprocesses in- taken.
Indeed, a number of very effective philosophies volved in undertaking construction works. The similarities of JIT, for example, in the con- Egan relate to the state of the construction industry at the present time and offer some clues as to how struction sector can be illustrated by listing a number some of the problems might be overcome by transfer- of the benefits, amongst many, that are offered by its ring established practices from the manufacturing in- successful implementation: Second, the struc- struction industry see, for example, Koskela ture of the industries and of the organization of pro- perhaps more readily than the third one, which re- ject personnel can be different, in that construction quires a significant reorganization and mind-shift of relies heavily on Temporary Multi-organizations the litigation-driven industry.
TMOs whereas manufacturing normally operates This paper concentrates on the lessons that can be within long-term partnership arrangements. The research team endeavoured to use a methodology This project involved contractors, clients, IT spe- that was sympathetic to the issues being investigated: Further- search programme to develop an improved design more, it was appreciated that different types of issues and construction process.
This also enabled the would be encountered during the development of the production of a solution that is devised, owned and Process Protocol, and that these often disparate issues satisfactory to all parties. Concept of Process Protocol Research approaches consist of the dominant theory generation and testing methods.
Research techniques The concept of the Process Protocol was based on comprise data collection tools. This enabled the framework, which provided the research team with an identification of areas for improvement by examining interactive portfolio of approaches and techniques that and comparing best practice in manufacturing project benefited from meta-level direction and cohesion.
In addition, the design and construc- tion operations need to form part of a common pro- The overarching research philosophy used in the GD- cess model best controlled by an integrated system.
CPP project was the preunderstanding— understanding hermeneutic spiral Odmangrounded in actor This has been achieved successfully in manufacturing and other industries through process modelling and the reengineering of those processes Rosenau In addition, it is appreciated that there will be no best way for all circumstances; however, a generic and adaptable set of principles will allow the consistent application of principles in a repeatable form.
Finally, a philosophy of early entry into the process of the key functions needs to be incorporated, with the emphasis of the effort on design and plan- ning to minimize both error and reworking during construction.
The action research strand was firmly anchored to the following interactive assumptions: The spiral, shown in in terms of their own language and organizational Fig. The model channels the action research furthers the development of the Process Protocol. The workshops and intervening dialogue improved both individual and collective learning throughout the project team.
Figure 3 The action research process model. For example, ideas Techniques of research were generated from a variety of construction per- spectives as well as an injection of diverse theoreti- Questionnaire surveys cal views. For example, in one project. The questionnaires collected predominantly workshop, a hypothetical construction case was de- qualitative data from the partners in the project.
The factual ele- Interviews ments of the questionnaires sought to gain information Interviews were used throughout the research process. They were generally time. The attitudinal aspects of the questionnaires semi-structured in nature to allow it to have an overall aimed to secure data on what individuals felt about a purpose but be sufficiently flexible to explore issues as given issue: The contents of about the effectiveness of the prevailing performance interviews were validated by the sending of case study review process.
Workshops Approaches to modelling the process The workshops carried out during the project were Given the apparent lack of commonality in the con- central to fruitful preunderstanding and understanding temporary understanding of the design and construc- progression.
Each workshop had a specific task to tion process, an attempt was made to produce a model investigate, which was set out and managed by a of the process that could be debated and subsequently University of Salford co-ordinator.The generic design and construction process protocol has also highlighted the need for greater "front-end" activity in the process.
Traditionally in the construction industry and unlike manufacturing, the emphasis is on the construction phase where contractual claims arise because of the unconstructable nature of design.
Information about household characteristics was asked in relation to type of construction, number of rooms and number of persons sharing one room, type of facility and source of drinking water. However, 15 (%) have sound knowledge about various types of Leishmaniasis.
Treatment of CL The treatment protocol of CL was known to % while. Unlike in other construction methods, owners contract only with the Design-Builder. In the two other primary construction methods used today — construction management and general contracting (also known as design-bid-build) — owners contract with different entities for architectural design and construction.
Since Design-Build . Package – has been developed to facilitate the process of applying for preventive gender equity frameworks should be applied when considering the design with the Polytechnic University of Catalonia to develop a complementary generic platform, called World Information.
Construction Administration & Construction Management July Berlin, Germany. Lecturer organizing and managing design and construction process.
Construction Administration. RELATIONS Construction Administration OWNER and General Contractor? Construction Administration. PREQUALIFICATIONS AND SELECTION. A PROCESS MAPPING PROCEDURE FOR PLANNING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING (BIM) EXECUTION ON A BUILDING CONSTRUCTION PROJECT Figure The Generic Design and Construction Process Protocol model Figure Process map template for the Process Protocol (Fleming et al.
) Figure 3.