Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of statistical dispersion most prominently used as a measure of inequality of income distribution or inequality of wealth distribution. It is defined as a ratio with values between 0 and 1: Thus, a low Gini coefficient indicates more equal income or wealth distribution, while a high Gini coefficient indicates more unequal distribution. The Gini coefficient requires that no one have a negative net income or wealth.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message Despite large amounts of arable land south of the Sahara Desertsmall, individual land holdings are rare.
In many nations, land is subject to tribal ownership and in others, most of the land is often in the hands of descendants of European settlers of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
In others, the laws prevent people from disadvantaged groups from owning land at all. Although often these laws are ignored, and land sales to disadvantaged groups occur, legal title to the land is not assured.
As such, rural Africans rarely have clear title to their own land, and have to survive as farm laborers. Unused land is plentiful, but is often private property.
Most African nations have very poor land Media and poverty systems, making squatting and landtheft common occurrences. This makes it difficult to get a mortgage or similar loan, as ownership of the property often cannot be established to the satisfaction of financiers. For example, it was hoped that land reform in Zimbabwe would transfer land from European land owners to family farmers.
Instead, it simply substituted native Africans with ties to the government for Europeans, leaving much of the population disadvantaged.
See Land reform in Zimbabwe It is estimated[ by whom? Studies by the National Academy of Sciences have suggested great promise in relying on native crops as a means to improving Africa's food security.
A report by Future Harvest suggests that traditionally used forage plants show the same promise. In addition, most African nations have owed substantial sums of money. However, a large percentage of the money was either invested in weapons money that was spent back in developed nations, and provided little or no benefit to the native population or was directly misappropriated by corrupt governments.
As such, many newly democratic nations in Africa are saddled with debt run up by totalitarian regimes. Large debts usually result in little being spent on social servicessuch as educationpensionsor medical care. Most African nations are pushing for debt relief, as they are effectively unable to maintain payments on debt without extending the debt payments indefinitely.
However, most plans to forgive debt affect only the smallest nations, and large debtor nations, like Nigeria, are often excluded from such plans. What large sums of money that are in Africa are often used to develop mega-projects when the need is for smaller scale projects.
For example, Ghana was the richest country in Africa when it obtained independence. However, a few years later, it had no foreign reserves of any consequence.
The money was spent on large projects that turned out to be a waste of resources: The Akosombo Dam was built to supply electricity for the extraction of aluminium from bauxite.
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Unfortunately, Ghanaian ores turned out to be too low grade and the electricity is now used to process ores from other nations. Storage silos for the storage of cocoa were built to allow Ghana to take advantage of fluctuations in the commodity prices.
Unfortunately, unprocessed cocoa does not react well to even short-term storage and the silos now sit empty. Another example of misspent money is the Aswan High Dam. The dam was supposed to have modernized Egypt and Sudan immediately. Instead, the block of the natural flow of the Nile River meant that the Nile's natural supply of nitrate fertilizer and organic material was blocked.Does social media really help you help the poor?
As the Internet and social media usage skyrocket, poverty continues to claim even larger numbers.
Poverty in Canada remains prevalent within some segments of society and according to a report by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the rate of poverty in Canada, is among the highest of the OECD member nations, the world's wealthiest industrialized nations.
There is no official government definition and therefore, measure, for poverty in Canada. This report argues that all policy actors need to recognise and support the mass media’s potentially crucial contribution to poverty reduction.
In particular, high-quality public service and public interest journalism should be supported as public goods in their own right. It is crucial to promote media development in order to realise the media’s . Different poverty levels. Poverty lines shown here include $1 a day, $ a day, $ a day, $2 a day (typical for many developing countries), $ a day (which includes a poverty level for some additional countries), and $10 a day, which a World Bank report referred to if looking at poverty from the level of a wealthy country, such as the US.
One of the great challenges faced by those working to combat poverty in the United States is the lack of interest in the subject demonstrated by popular media .
Media Release: Limpopo Community Survey results. Limpopo Community Survey results.
End poverty in all its forms everywhere. "In this new century, millions of people in the world's poorest countries remain imprisoned, enslaved, and in chains. College Park, Md. – Today, the University of Maryland launched a brand-new multimedia news and information portal, UMD Right Now, which provides members of the media and the public with real-time information on the university and its extended community. UMD Right Now replaces Newsdesk, which previously served as the university’s news hub and central resource for members of the media. Media / Political Bias. There is no such thing as an objective point of view. No matter how much we may try to ignore it, human communication always takes place in a context, through a medium, and among individuals and groups who are situated historically, politically, economically, and socially.
Limpopo’s population by , from 5,4 million people in to 5,8 million in , making it the fifth largest province in the country in terms of population size.