The effects of cocaine and its two forms

According to research, cocaine impairs immune cell function and promotes reproduction of the HIV virus. Research also suggests that people who use cocaine and are infected with HIV may be more susceptible to contracting other viruses, such as hepatitis C, a virus that affects the liver. Can a person overdose on cocaine? Yes, a person can overdose on cocaine.

The effects of cocaine and its two forms

Compare these numbers to use: The number differences between and do not yield statistically significant changes, although the rising use of cocaine in in 12th graders bears watching. The use of crack, popular in the 's, is even lower. It is interesting to compare youth numbers of cocaine use with marijuana use: In adults, use over the past year is greatest in ages 18 to 25 at 6.

Crack use is also lower: Cocaine use in pregnancy There are aboutcocaine-exposed pregnancies every year. The full extent of the effects on the unborn or newborn child are difficult to predict.

The effects of cocaine and its two forms

Multiple factors can play into this outcome, such as use of other illegal drugs, maternal sexually-transmitted diseases, extent of prenatal care, and socioeconomic factors, among others.

In the mother, cocaine use can lead to a serious high blood pressure and spontaneous miscarriage. Pregnant women who abuse this drug may have other addictive habits, such as nicotine and alcohol use.

Pregnant women with substance abuse and addiction should receive immediate medical and psychological healthcare to minimize these adverse outcomes.

Studies have shown that infants born to women who use cocaine during pregnancy may be delivered prematurely, have low birth rates, may have smaller head circumference, and be shorter in length.

More research is needed to understand the childhood long-term effects of exposure in pregnancy. Treatment options for cocaine addiction The extensive abuse of cocaine has lead to efforts to develop treatment programs for this type of drug abuse. The majority of abusers seeking treatment programs smoke crack, and are likely to abuse multiple drugs.

Strategies are needed to address the neurobiological, social and medical aspects of addiction. Behavioral, supportive, and pharmacologic strategies are required. As ofthere were no FDA-approved medications to treat cocaine addiction. However, research is ongoing.

One of the National Institute on Drug Abuse's NIDA top research priorities is to find a medication to block or greatly reduce its effects, to be used as one part of a comprehensive treatment program. NIDA-funded researchers are also looking at medications that help alleviate the severe craving that people in treatment for cocaine addiction often experience.

Several medications are currently being investigated for their safety and efficacy in treating cocaine addiction. Modanifil Provigil - used to treat narcolepsy, a sleep disorder.

Cocaine Information

Buprenorphine - used to treat opioid addiction. Cocaine vaccine - under research; it stimulates antibodies that bind to cocaine and prevent it from getting into the brain. In addition to treatment medications, behavioral interventions can have an additive effect on successful treatment.

Cognitive behavioral therapy teaches the ability to help someone recognize the situations in which they are most likely to use this drug, and avoid these situations. It is especially used to help prevent relapse.

Contingency management CMalso called motivational incentives, centers on a system of rewards for abstinence. It can be effective in decreasing drug use by patients in treatment for cocaine abuse. Providing the optimal combination of treatment and services for each individual is critical to successful outcomes.

Ultimately, a combination of both treatments may be the most effective option. Who should I contact for help? This service is confidential, free, and open 24 hours-a-day, days-a-year. You can receive a referral to local treatment facilities, support groups, and other organizations based in your local community.

If you have no insurance or are underinsured, you will be referred to your state office which is responsible for state-funded treatment programs. A proven, step program in maintaining abstinence is used.However, its dangerous effects on health that have been later on discovered by people abusing cocaine have urged the government to ban its use.

Crime rate also rose, hence legislators added cocaine to the list of the most dangerous and prohibited drugs. There are two forms of cocaine, which are hydrochloride salt and crack cocaine or freebase.

as well as the effects of the cocaine on its own. Cocaine can be abused in a few different ways. People often use cocaine powder and snort it to get high.

Other effects of both cocaine powder and cocaine rock include dilated pupils, heightened 6/10(2). In contrast, inhalation of cocaine leads to the shortest duration of its effects (5–15 minutes). The two main ways cocaine is smoked are freebasing and by using cocaine which has been converted to smokable "crack cocaine".

In the U.S. manufacturer Parke-Davis sold cocaine in various forms, including cigarettes, powder, and even a. FORMS OF COCAINE, METHODS OF USE, EFFECTS, AND DEPENDENCY C Crack cocaine and powder cocaine are both powerful stimulants and both forms of cocaine cause identical effects.

DrugFacts: Cocaine | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

whereas one gram of crack cocaine yields two to ten doses. Thus, grams of powder cocaine. It comes in a few different forms. The most common is a fine, white powder. It can also be made into a solid rock crystal.

Most cocaine users snort the . In contrast, inhalation of cocaine leads to the shortest duration of its effects (5–15 minutes).

The effects of cocaine and its two forms

The two main ways cocaine is smoked are freebasing and by using cocaine which has been converted to smokable "crack cocaine". In the U.S. manufacturer Parke-Davis sold cocaine in various forms, including cigarettes, powder, and even a.

Cocaine Effects