See Article History Alternative Title: George Henry Lewesthe 19th-century English philosopher of sciencedistinguished between resultants and emergents—phenomena that are predictable from their constituent parts and those that are not e.
And don't forget the fantasy roles: Hero in daydreams, vindicated in the courtroom of Heaven, secret rebellious alter ego, and so forth.
Roles are learned, culturally conditioned, often can be developed, amplified, released with more or less difficulty. Many roles involve a number of component roles, and often these in turn involve further sub-components.
It is often useful to analyze these roles. People get into trouble from not doing so, but assuming that people are competent or incompetent in general regarding a role, while in fact they may be very competent at some role components, fair at others, and incompetent in a few.
Trouble arises when the situation calls for competence in those sub-roles where it's not present! Of course, it's not just a matter of competence--though that issue is too often ignored. People's problems might involve an imbalance of roles--over-involvement in some, neglect of others.
The neglect can be by the individual or by the person's family when he was growing up. Sometimes people don't even know certain roles exist! Applied Role Theory as Language: Just talk about situations in terms of the roles the various people involved are playing. The more you do this, the easier this activity becomes.
You become familiar with the language. With practice, you can t hen go on to define those roles in terms of expectations, sets of behaviors, and other features. There is little rigid doctrine and a wide degree of flexibility.
This approach also offers a way to enhance communication among professionals. One of the problems with the behavioral sciences is the lack of a "lingua franca," a term that was used to describe a kind of common language that people of many different backgrounds can use.
In the past, Latin served in this way in Western Europe during the middle ages and well into the 19th Century—intellectuals from all the countries could meet and talk in this "second language.
Mathematics has become a kind of lingua franca for many scientists. Psychology, however, has suffered with a variety of languages that are colored by the biases of their original schools of thought, and filled with jargon that requires a real familiarity with those schools. What is needed is a more accessible language.
Applied role theory is described in part in my recent 4th edition of Foundations of Psychodrama. However, its applications are so widespread that one may find this approach useful even if you know nothing about psychodrama and care less. Everyone today knows what roles are.
The only trouble with the concept is that it lacks precision—or at least a degree of precision needed for certain kinds of scientific testing.
It is exactly that quality that allows it to be used for practical purposes.The regional roles external actors play, such as ‘China’s role in Africa’ or ‘the US role in East Asia’, have long been popular subjects of analysis in the international relations literature.
Yet, the emergence and evolution of these roles remains remarkably under-theorized. Task Management Software > FAQs > What is “Emergence Theory” and How Does it Apply to Business Process or Task Management?
Posted on November 28, by Vaughn Thurman Those familiar with emergence theory as it exists in science may find it troubling that business processes are being compared with physics, but the similarities . The role of leadership in emergent, self-organization Donde Ashmos Plowman complexity theory, emergence, self-organization I wanted a perfect ending.
Now I’ve learned, the hard way, that some poems Emergence happens in complex systems in part, because they are sensitive to initial conditions; that is, a small.
In philosophy, emergentism is the belief in emergence, particularly as it involves consciousness and the philosophy of mind, and as it contrasts (or not) with reductionism. A property of a system is said to be emergent if it is a new outcome of some other properties of the system and their interaction, while it is itself different from them.
. The emergence of the Role Theory and its intellectual sources: Role theory was first introduced in by Kalevi Holsti in his article “National Role Conceptions in the Study of Foreign Policy”. Emergence: Emergence,, in evolutionary theory, the rise of a system that cannot be predicted or explained from antecedent conditions.
George Henry Lewes, the 19th-century English philosopher of science, distinguished between resultants and emergents—phenomena that are predictable from their constituent parts.