The first took place in when the son of Jacob Perkins — Angier March Perkins — began to construct a baking oven. The reason behind this venture was a simple geographical one.
For as much as Albertans tend to deny it, the fact is that their province does see some precipitation, although, truthfully, down here in the southern reaches, not an excessive amount.
Not a hundred metres on, the No. Above the Lakes to the north, seemingly squat at feet, Crowsnest Ridge rises protectively. Invisible in the trees, an old path winds away to the south-west, passing the base of the highest mountain in the region, Ptolemy, into whose 9, foot-high crags an RCAF Dakota slammed on January 23rd,killing all seven aboard.
The scenery is awesome in the truest sense of the word. Lower slopes carpeted in sweet-smelling pine and spruce, the upper slopes of barren rock sheltering drifts of snow in shady defiles even at the height of summer.
In Alberta, writes Chester B. Running Rails into the Pass Since the head of the Government Railway Exploration Survey, Sanford Fleming, pronounced it so inengineers had appreciated that the Crowsnest Pass was the ideal railway corridor through the Canadian Rockies.
Low in elevation, fairly open, with gentle grades, the Pass begged a railroad. However, mutterings of U. It was not until the rich Kootenay district of B.
The news surprised no-one. Inalarmed that the rich ores of B. Cattlemen on the Prairies, mountain resource owners and lumbermen rejoiced; finally, after years of badgering their elected representatives, they would get reliable, speedy access to Eastern markets.
In July ofreports J. However, in the time-honoured tradition of quid pro quo, Ottawa required concessions from the Railway. All the palaver finally attracted the Winnipeg transportation expert, A. McPherson, who came out in to size-up the situation.
For a five-cent fare and a twenty-year franchise exempted from taxation, he and his backers proposed to provide 18 hours a day of minute end-to-end service. Inthough, the project was resuscitated by the locally-influential W.
Crowsnest Lake Immediately beyond the rail overpass, the Highway slips down a few metres and out across little Island Lake on a partly natural causeway. Climbing onto the low interlacustrine ridge the No. Downstream, northward, is the bridge carrying a remnant of the old highway on up a kilometre or so to Island Lake Campground.
Beyond the new bridge a left-looking traveller sees the planar sculpting that Industry is wrought upon Crowsnest Ridge at Hazell Hazel.
Never mind what they were doing in what was a pretty remote neck-of-the-woods back then, they supposedly built a little kiln and began production, laboriously hauling their lime down the crude waggon road to the railhead at Lethbridge.
In the operation was bought by a Welshman, E. In Hazell added a further 50 or so acres to his holding. Just across the No. Unable to interest the CPR in the undertaking, the principals had abandoned their idea by and a whole bank of excellent potting clay, minus a few hundred truck loads, still rests in the shadows of Sentinel Mountain.
About a mile west, just on the other side of Crowsnest Creek, begins the old waggon road which wound some 20 miles up through the Ptolemy Pass to get to the North Fork of the Montana-bound Flathead River.
The venture was abandoned. WWII, however, changed the economics of the situation. Fred Mannix and Company, Limited, of Calgary, converted the old grade into a haul road and pushed it through to the old Corbin Coal and Coke roadbed, stripped the overburden from part of the measures and began removing coal from Tent Mountain properties on both sides of the border.
In September of Mannix transferred the operation to an outfit called Hillcrest-Mohawk Collieries, Limited, H-MC who within a year was trucking 1, tons a day down to its tipple at Bellevue, 25 miles east down the Highway. The last mention of the operation in the annual reports of B.
Judging by the deformation of the Limber pines Pinaceae Pinus flexilis and White spruce Pinaceae Picea glauca bordering the Highway, air will soon be raging easterly through the Pass as an early morning cyclist drifts away from the Triple K down to the shore of Crowsnest Lake.
It is a beautiful scene; the Lake clean and deep green in the mountain shadows, azure in the hard sunlight reflected from the naked calcareous cliffs. Pretty Intermittent Falls is hidden from view nearby. A solitary red-necked grebe hunts, cutting ripples into the glassine waters upon which shimmering light paints perfect reflections of the green-weathered limestone Mountains.
This is a beautiful stretch of the Crowsnest Highway, smooth with shoulders so wide that thoughtless motorists sometimes illegally use them as driving lanes.
Alberta does build fine roads, and this one is a far cry from the first rough trail that early Natives broke through the Pass and out onto the Prairies so many centuries ago.
Police waggoneers improved the track out from Fort Macleod, making such a road of it that T. The great impediment in the route was the Crowsnest Lake itself, filling the throat of the valley, necessitating the Trunk to clamber over Phillipps Pass.
Pressure from local motoring clubs was at least partially responsible for inducing the Alberta Department of Public Works to hack a roadbed along the current alignment of the No.Loftus Perkins went on, in , to design a horse-drawn steam oven to feed troops on the march.
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