Touching behavior paper

I am so very grateful for all your assistance and I am sure Gracie is very thankful as well! I am hopeful that we can keep little Gracie on track.

Touching behavior paper

During proestrus, or behavioral estrusthe female solicits the male to prompt him into mounting her. She darts toward him and runs or hops away.

She may repeat this approach-retreat sequence several times, sometimes wiggling her ears. She may also pause near him or run by him, and may intercept him in his pursuit of another female. The male finds these solicitation behaviors very attractive, and follows the female.

He mounts her, and the pressure he exerts on her flanks, lower back, and anogenital area triggers lordosis in the female rat Nelson Lordosis is the female mating posture, in which she stands stiff and immobile, her back arched downward, her rump elevated, her tail deflected to one side, and her vulva facing backwards.

Without lordosis copulation is not possible. After copulation, the female leaves the mating posture. She may groom herself or the male, she may walk about, or rest Nelson Male rats Male hormones and reproductive behavior: Male sex drive is expressed after puberty, when the testes become active and start to secrete a hormone called testosterone.

Testosterone does not cause reproductive behavior outright so much as it increases the liklihood of reproductive behavior occuring in a particular context, such as in the presence of a receptive female. A male with high testosterone levels Touching behavior paper more likely to copulate with a receptive female than a male with low testosterone levels.

Castration, which removes the testes and thus the source of testosterone, greatly reduces sexual responsiveness. Male rat mating behavior: Prior to mounting, the male engages in precopulatory behavior: Then he mounts her, and if she is in heat, she will exhibit the lordosis posture, which makes intromission possible.

Intromission, when the male reproductive organ enters that of the female, is accompanied by thrusting motions of the hindquarters. After mating, the male may emit ultrasonic vocalizationsand he becomes sexually inactive and lethargic.

He may groom himself, then lie down and sleep Nelson Once the young are born, mother rats must perform three parental behaviors if the young are to survive: Smith and Berkson To facilitate the first nursing by newborn pups, the mother rat licks her vulva and and belly during birth, spreading amniotic fluid onto her belly.

The odor of the amniotic fluid attracts the newborn rats to her nipples. As the pups age, the odor of their own saliva and that of their littermates and mother keeps attracting them back to the nipples.

A mother of young pups may also exhibit maternal aggressioncharacterized by attacks directed at any animal who approaches her nest and young. Such attacks may discourage other animals from approaching and possibly harming her offspring.

Touching behavior paper

The onset of maternal behavior is influenced by hormones and by experience with pups. Hormones play an important role in influencing maternal behavior, but the exact relationship between the many hormones involved and maternal behavior is not yet fully understood. Prolactin, a hormone closely associated with lactation, is known to be important, but many other hormones are also involved see Nelson for more.

Touching behavior paper

Exposure to pups also plays a role. Maternal behavior may be triggered in non-mother female rats through repeated daily exposure to foster pups a process called concaveation.

In females who have never had litters, this process takes days. Females who have had litters in the previous weeks have much lower latencies, however, and behave maternally toward foster pups after a day Bridges Maternal behavior is maintained by tactile stimulation. As the pups grow older, there is more mutually initiated contact between them and their mother.

Around days of age, the pups begin to explore the world outside the nest. The pups return to the nest guided by a chemical signal produced by the mother from days of lactation Leon and Moltz Over time, mother-offspring contact declines, and maternal care wanes.

A mother crouching over a litter cannot dissipate heat. As the pups grow older, they retain heat more efficiently, so the mother spends shorter and shorter bouts of time in the nest with them and avoids overheating herself Woodside and Leon Zeta-Meter Inc.

1 Electrokinetics and Colloid Behavior Zeta potential can help you understand and control colloidal suspensions. Examples include complex biological systems such as.

How Skilled Human Touch Can Transform Person-centered Dementia Care. 1 Summary This paper outlines the foundation of behavior. Scientists call it the “care and connection” hormone. Touch stimulates production of oxytocin leading to feelings of.

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While there are increased safety rules in schools and for other youth activities, our culture is lax about a number of boundaries that make healthy relationships with young people more complex to achieve. Merely touching money has the power to alter our behavior.

Money makes us more selfish, less helpful, and less generous towards others. One experiment, for example, had a pedestrian drop a bus.

This paper looks at touch as an adjunct to verbal psychotherapy. However, it also reviews the literature on body psychotherapies where touch is a key therapeutic tool. This paper explores the rich duet of talk and touch and articulates how such a duet can significantly increase a sense of empathy, sympathy, safety, calm, and comfort, as well as.

What is Sexual Harassment {PRIVATE }What? The EEOC has defined sexual harassment in its guidelines as: Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical.

Catholic Church sexual abuse cases - Wikipedia