Decision Making What are they? To discuss personal values and decision making, we need to be clear about what we mean.
Deontological based on study of moral obligation Theological Principle-based As well as others The good news is that, in general, most approaches will lead to similar choices for most decisions involving ethics.
There are obvious and sometimes notable exceptions, but these often involve ethical dilemmas that can only be addressed in the context of the specific decision being made.
Ethics in decision making impacts the choices for words and actions In confining ethical decision making to a business or group context, decisions on ethics are necessarily limited to actions and words e. Right behavior can be evaluated though actions and words, but there is no way to know one's thoughts.
Per our distinction, thoughts and beliefs e. Clearly our thoughts affect our words and deeds, and in a group context, ethics in decision making can be evaluated through the tangible evidence and outcomes from words and actions. Again, thoughts and motivation are left to the personal realm.
As a consequence, evaluation of appropriate ethical behavior will have limitations. In all outcomes there are the following possibilities: Right motivation with right action Right motivation with wrong action Wrong motivation with right action Wrong motivation with wrong action Given the difficulty in exposing true motivation, ethical assessments will inherently be limited to an evaluation emphasis on action or outcome.
Will an immoral person make an ethical decision or a moral person make an unethical decision? However, those that seek to make moral personal decisions have the will or desire to seek what's right over the long term. This will be reflected in their ethics in decision making decisions made in the business context.
There will also be the case where a person's morals may come into conflict with the organization's ethics. Expect this to be the greatest source of dilemmas in ethics and decision making in an organizational context.
How do we incorporate ethics in decision making using our decision making process? Addressing ethics in decision making in business or other large organizations or groups e.
This focusing decision can influence criteria for decisions throughout the network of business decisions the decisions in bluedirectly influencing ethical decision making and organizational conduct.
Additional related decisions include choosing the business mission and the code of conduct that will add compliance criteria to decisions across the business decision network.
Here are some criteria that can help ensure appropriate ethical considerations are part of the decisions being made in the organization: Compliance - Does it conform to the company's values and code of ethics?
Does it meet should exceed legal requirements? Promote good and reduce harm - What solution will be good to the most people while minimizing any possible harm?
Responsibility - What alternative provides the most responsible response? Does the solution ensure meeting our duties as a good corporate citizen?
Respects and preserves rights - Does the option negatively impact an individual's or organization's rights? Promotes trust - Does the solution lead to honest and open communication? Is there full disclosure?
Builds reputation - Would a headline of your decision generate pride or shame? Does your solution add to or detract with the identity you want for the organization?
When is the best time to address personal morals versus organization ethics? Future conflict between a person's moral choices and an organization's ethical decisions are most easily addressed as someone seeks to join the organization. If a person is ready to join a company or business, it is important that he or she be presented with the company's core values and code of conduct if available.
The prospective new member must then determine if it is possible to reconcile their moral choices with the organization's ethics as conveyed in the company's values and code of conduct. Agreement to join the company implicitly assumes that this reconciliation has taken place, but it can be made explicit by requiring agreement to a code of conduct.
Given this understanding that should exist between the company and the individual, a change to the company's values and code of conduct should be given careful consideration. Changing the basis for the organization's ethics in decision making, in theory, requires a new agreement with each individual to reconcile with their personal moral choices.
In practice, this change can lead to conflict as an individual's morals now lead to choices that violate the company's decision making ethics.Strategic Leadership and Decision Making. VALUES AND ETHICS. THE CHARACTER OF VALUES AND ETHICS. Values can be defined as those things that are important to or valued by someone.
That someone can be an individual or, collectively, an organization. Ultimately, it still comes down to the individual making an ethical decision. Learn how six key ethical values can help you build character in yourself and others.
Learn how six key ethical values can help you build character in yourself and others. Values and Ethical Decision Making Rebecca Bryson Management/MGT May 25, Michael M Lee, MBA, MBOL Values and Ethical Decision Making In this paper, the subjects to discuss are the evaluation of personal values, organizational values, and ethical decision making.
Values and Ethical Decision Making Rebecca Bryson Management/MGT May 25, Michael M Lee, MBA, MBOL Values and Ethical Decision Making In this paper, the subjects to discuss are the evaluation of personal values, organizational values, and ethical decision making. Ethical-decision making is a step-by-step process as follows: We seek or collect Information: This is the knowledge about the decision, the effects of the alternatives, the probability of each alternative, etc.