Considered the father of phenomenology, Edmund Husserl —a German mathematician-turned-philosopher, was an extremely complicated and technical thinker whose views changed considerably over the years. His chief contributions were the phenomenological method, which he developed early in his career, and… Characteristics of phenomenology In view of the spectrum of phenomenologies that have issued directly or indirectly from the original work of the German philosopher Edmund Husserlit is not easy to find a common denominator for such a movement beyond its common source. But similar situations occur in other philosophical as well as nonphilosophical movements. Moreover, most adherents to phenomenology hold that it is possible to obtain insights into the essential structures and the essential relationships of these phenomena on the basis of a careful study of concrete examples supplied by experience or imagination and by a systematic variation of these examples in the imagination.
He was born into a Jewish family, the second of four children boy, boy, girl, boy. His father was a milliner. Then Husserl traveled to Vienna to study at the Realgymnasium there, followed next by the Staatsgymnasium in Olomouc Ger.: At Leipzig he was inspired by philosophy lectures given by Wilhelm Wundtone of the founders of modern psychology.
Then he moved to the Frederick William University of Berlin the present-day Humboldt University of Berlin in where he continued his study of mathematics under Leopold Kronecker and the renowned Karl Weierstrass. In Berlin he found a mentor in Thomas Masarykthen a former philosophy student of Franz Brentano and later the first president of Czechoslovakia.
There Husserl also attended Friedrich Paulsen 's philosophy lectures. Husserl's father Adolf had died in Herbert Spiegelberg writes, "While outward religious practice never entered his life any more than it did that of most academic scholars of the time, his mind remained open for the religious phenomenon as for any other genuine experience.
Although a steadfast proponent of a radical and rational autonomy in all things, Husserl could also speak "about his vocation and even about his mission under God's will to find new ways for philosophy and science," observes Spiegelberg. Yet already Husserl had felt the desire to pursue philosophy.
Then professor Weierstrass became very ill. Husserl became free to return to Vienna where, after serving a short military duty, he devoted his attention to philosophy. In at the University of Vienna he attended the lectures of Franz Brentano on philosophy and philosophical psychology.
Stuart Milland David Hume. Husserl was so impressed by Brentano that he decided to dedicate his life to philosophy; indeed, Franz Brentano is often credited as being his most important influence, e. In their daughter Elizabeth was born, in their son Gerhartand in their son Wolfgang. Elizabeth would marry inand Gerhart in ; Wolfgang, however, became a casualty of the First World War.
He started where he was in as a Privatdozent at the University of Halle. In he published his Philosophie der Arithmetik. Psychologische und logische Untersuchungen which, drawing on his prior studies in mathematics and philosophy, proposed a psychological context as the basis of mathematics.
It drew the adverse notice of Gottlob Fregewho criticized its psychologism. Just prior to this a major work of his, Logische Untersuchungen Halle, —was published.
Volume One contains seasoned reflections on "pure logic" in which he carefully refutes "psychologism". Kant and Descartes were also now influencing his thought. In he became joint editor of the journal Logos.
During this period Husserl had delivered lectures on internal time consciousness, which several decades later his former student Heidegger edited for publication. His important work Ideen  was published in its first issue.
In October both his sons were sent to fight on the Western Front of World War I and the following year one of them, Wolfgang Husserl, was badly injured.Phenomenology As Philosophy and Method Applications to Ways of Doing Special Education JEAN C.
McPHAIL ABSTRACT 1 HENOMENOLOGY IS A . For many people, the word “phenomenology” is difficult to pronounce and those who hear the word for the first time often ask what it means.
The present attempt at an answer is in part methodological but is chiefly historical. On the other hand, phenomenological psychology refers to the use of phenomenology to study the necessary and universal structures of experience.
In this way, phenomenological psychology is grounded in transcendental analysis as a research method which analyzes the necessary conditions for the possibility of human experience. Title: Performative Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory Created Date: Z.
Phenomenology definition is - the study of the development of human consciousness and self-awareness as a preface to or a part of philosophy. . Phenomenological inquiry may be explored and studied in terms of the following topical domains: orientations, sources of meaning, methodology, methods, writing, and practice.